Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness wherein a person’s ability to think and act gets distorted. People with schizophrenia are not able to perceive reality or express emotions and hence face problems at personal as well as professional level. Several factors ranging from Biological to Psychological contribute towards the onset of this disorder. At Shanti Home, Noida we encounter patients who had been suffering from this problem since long but the unawareness of the symptoms among family members led to the delay in getting them treated.
The symptoms of this disorder may vary but they reflect an impaired ability to function. Below are a few symptoms of Schizophrenia:
- Delusions: Delusions are a common symptom of schizophrenia which makes one consider the false beliefs for real. They are usually based on some kind of sensory experience that the person misinterprets. For example: thinking that certain gestures or comments are directed at you; or a major disaster is about to occur.
- Hallucinations:People with schizophrenia hear or see things that do not exist; this is termed as hallucination. Keeping the patients involved in work or activities of interest could save the mind from getting diverted elsewhere and hence save from hallucinations.
- Confused state of mind:Disorganized speech is a result of excessive confusion in mind which bars one from thinking properly. This leads to lack of effective communication.
- Change in Behavioral pattern:This could include abnormal behavior like resisting the instructions, being very aggressive or violent at just anything, increased restlessness leading to unnecessary movement.
- Negative symptoms: The negative symptoms refer to decreased ability to function normally in any situation. People with Schizophrenia exhibit lack of emotions. For example, they resist making eye contact, no change could be seen in their facial expressions, and there is no emotional emphasis like hand and head movement while speaking to someone. They also avoid networking with people.
People with Schizophrenia are themselves not able to recognize that they are suffering from a serious mental illness. Hence, it becomes the responsibility of the family members and friends to recognize the symptoms and take assistance from a good Psychiatry Rehabilitation centre.